Cutting Fluids oil, stop the degradation of work-piece or cutting tool, and provide cooling. More than 95% of the force applied in metal cutting is turned to heat. Cutting fluids helps you reduce and control the heat while cutting metal.
In cutting work, as machining speeds rise, the primary role of the cutting fluid is to reduce the heat on the tool surface and secondly, to present ample lubrication and anti-heat attributes to minimize the friction and welding.
In machining, looking for high rates of metal cutting, cutting oil must provide cooling to prevent damage or deformity. For low cutting rates or a fine finish, the requirement is largely for good quality coolant and to reduce the heat. The fluid is needed to provide good finishing action and adequate detergency to keep the workpiece and tool clean and free from materials that form dirt
Cutting oil is also applied to give enough flushing operation to expel chips, to stop or inhibit rust on machined spare parts, to restrict smoking and fogging, to leave no smudges on the work-piece, and, in the event of water-based cutting oil, to resist cutting and bacterial/fungal contamination.
In brief, cutting fluids lubricate the tool, chip, and work-piece diminishing frictional heating, tool or wheel wear, and energy usage. They present anti-damage attributes to stop the development of a poorly finished edge that bogs off and damages the craft and abrades the tool. In cooling the work piece, these fluids prevent distortion, size problems, and burning or heat cracks in grinding. In cooling the tools, the fluids lessen frictional wear, cratering and degradation of cutting capability by sustaining the cutting tool heat level below its softening scale.